Have you heard of Psilocybe Cubensis or just Psilocobia? It’s the name for the mushrooms that contain psilocybe, a highly aromatic and active substance that is used in a variety of creative rituals and celebrations. In fact, it’s the only species of psilocybe that produces a psychoactive substance. And though, scientists haven’t discovered any magic mushrooms that can induce astral travel, strange behavior, or even altered states of consciousness, what’s also amazing is that there’re over 180 different kinds of psilocybe fungi, which are distributed all over the world and that all contain psilocybe.
For many years, psilocybe has been used by ethnic healers in Eastern medicine to cure all sorts of disorders. Psilocybe Cubensis is a potent, long-lasting remedy that has been found growing wild in some of the most beautiful areas of the world, from the Pacific Northwest and Central America to the mountains of South America, from the Himalayas to the Rockies. It’s now only a matter of time before this powerful, spiritual mushroom becomes available to everyone who wants to try it. So, why is the cultivation of psilocybe Cubensis such a dynamic, and important topic today, when so many things, including alternative medicines, are treated as quick fixes, not serious problems requiring ongoing dedication?
The first, and most important question, is this: What is Psilocybe Cubensis? Simply put, psilocybe cubensis mushrooms are fungal species that contains psilocyanin, a powerful psychoactive pigment that activates a kind of alertness response in your nervous system. Essentially, the mushroom does what you would expect from an emergency situation: It “alerts” the nervous system to prepare your body for immediate survival. This emergency reaction causes everything in your body – including your blood and your digestive system – to speed up, resulting in you absorbing more energy, which helps you burn more fat even when you’re not really hungry.
The magic mushrooms of the South American jungles have been cultivated for centuries, because their effects are both medical and spiritual. The Ayurvedic Indians of central Mexico and the Mayans of Central America used psilocybe cubensis in their magic ceremonies, and the Chinese regarded them as sacred. By taking the psilocybe mushroom under the right conditions, it can induce a trance like state that will induce lucid dreaming, deep meditation, and access to other memory enhanced states. But these same fungi can also be useful in a more direct way, by causing the body to increase its metabolism and break down fat stores. And studies of animal and human anatomy have found the same effect; in fact, recent experiments on animals in Spain and France have discovered that psilocybe causes fat burning and increased muscle mass.
So how does p. cubensis fit into all this? Well, according to Charles Mackellen, author of Mushrooms and Magic, p. cubensis has “much in common with psilocybe and ecstasy. Both are mushrooms that are strong in active ingredients, and that have action in the nervous system and the brain.” Mackellen goes on to say, “It has a long history of use as a psychotropic drug…and…it probably was the first known cultural magic mushroom. Its present-day reputation as a valuable natural and medicinal herbicide is also a recent development.”
Psilocin is the primary active compound found in psilocybe, although it is not always present in all psilocin containing mushrooms. In fact, only psilocybe bicarbonate has been isolated and tested as having psilocin – along with several other rare species. All other species share a psilocin-like active ingredient, often called psilocybe trimale, or ‘magic mushroom’ in English. Some of the others are: Asparagus racemosus, Agaricus, Panicum Officinale, Mycica multiceps, and several others. Most psilocybe species share this substance with some other fungi but are unable to grow with other psilocins and are instead usually contained within capsules.
It is not entirely clear how psilocybe Cubensis and other psilocybe species end up being contained within certain strains of Stropharia rubra. The only true way of knowing is to look at the structure of the dried flakes, or ‘spores’, which contain the active compounds in psilos containing mushrooms. These spores have been isolated from a number of different psilos, with the most famous strain belonging to Stropharia camboceana. Other strains are based on other species of Staphylococcus and are therefore unable to produce psilos containing mushrooms.
Stropharia cubensis and Agaricus species are known to contain psilocin, while Mycica capillaris and other mushrooms are rarely contained within psilos. Cubensis and Agaricus contain psilocybe trimale, which is the main constituent of psilocin. This is why Stropharia cubensis and Agaricus contain psilocin – the same active ingredient in the psychoactive psilocybe mushroom. Mycica capillaris only contains small amounts of psilocybe. Stropharia, Maitake and other mushrooms commonly contain psilocybe trimale.